Native Case Studies

Enduring Legacies Native Cases
Reconciliation and Resistance: The Pueblo Indian Revolt and the Sante Fe Fiesta
Linda Moon Stumpff

An annual Fiesta is held in Santa Fe New Mexico that includes a variety of entertainments and activities.  The “Entrada” celebrates the return of Don Diego de Vargas after the Pueblo Indian Revolt of 1680 that drove the Spanish out of the territory and back to what is now the Mexican border.  From the Pueblo viewpoint, they fought a revolution for religious freedom and self-determination  From the Spanish viewpoint, the Pueblos had to be subjugated  again for Church and country.  Although these events occurred long ago, the de Vargas’ reconquest came to be celebrated in the modern Fiesta.  The Entrada consists of a religious procession and a dramatization of the reconquest with armored “conquistadors” and supplicant “Indians.” The city and the various groups struggled with what to do after the Pueblo Governors and protestors demanded that it come to an end.  Another battle broke out about the private Fiesta Council’s  practice of sending some of the re-enactment characters to the public schools.