Native Case Studies

Enduring Legacies Native Cases
Pesticides on the Prairie: Dead Eagles and Quarantined Buffalo--The Impacts of Illegal Rodenticide Application on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation
Amy Jackson Jeremy E. Guinn

This case study examines a variety issues arising from illegal pesticide application by a non Native landowner intended to kill black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) within the external borders of Standing Rock Reservation in 2016.  The land was privately owned, as a result of the Dawes General Allotment Act of 1887.  Rozol, an anticoagulant rodenticide, was applied to thousands of acres of buffalo pasture with little regard for the strict protocols required for application, clean up, and surveillance of the poison.  The result of the application was widespread damage to wildlife species and the potential for transmission of the toxin to humans through buffalo meat.  Rozol has had a short and turbulent history as a controlled poison for rodents, with concerns severe enough to result in its cancellation for approved use for prairie dogs in 2001.  The case explores the responsibilities and actions of the landowners, local residents, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, and Environmental Protection Agency.