Native Case Studies

Enduring Legacies Native Cases
Who has MMIP Task Forces?
Emily Washines

Analyzing Tribal, State, and Federal actions taken for Missing and Murdered Indigenous People


The purpose of this case is to analyze tribal, federal and state actions regarding the crisis of Missing and Murdered Indigenous People (MMIP) in the United States. We will discuss eight examples of task forces. This includes four tribes, three states, and one federal program centered on action to address the MMIP crisis. The four tribes are: Bay Mills Indian Community, Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, Tulalip Tribes, and Confederated Salish Kootenai Tribes. Of these four tribes, they have headquarters in three states: Michigan, Montana, and Washington. For tribes, there might be some intersectionality with federal and state task force efforts. The actions for MMIP are not limited to these eight examples of tribes, states and the federal government. These were the set selected to examine task forces and actions taken to address MMIP. Each of these eight examples, included an analysis of values, task force construction, goals, and recommendations. There was a set of nine questions to assist with this study. The primary focus of this case study is the Task Forces, Committees, and Working groups focused on protocols and procedures for MMIP. Some broader enduring issues impacting MMIP such as multi-jurisdiction, cold cases, and numbers are included in the case.