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Campus Equity and Engagement


Articles and Papers

Transforming a Region
Juliet V. Garcia and Angela K. McCauley. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning. November/December 2011.
This article, written by the President of The University of Texas Brownsville and her assistant, describes how their institution has forged successful ways to  increase postsecondary access, improve the quality of a college education, and accelerate college completion for its Hispanic population.

Approaching Diversity through Learning Communities
Emily Lardner. Olympia, WA: Washington Center Occasional Paper. Winter 2003.
This article explores how learning communities can foster systemic change through three strategies: (1) designing learning communities for particular groups of students, (2) using learning communities as sites for curriculum transformation, and (3) developing pedagogical practices that support diverse learners.

The ABC Approach to Creating Climates of Engagement on Diverse Campuses
Beverly Daniel Tatum. Liberal Education. Fall 2000.
This article focuses on creating campus environments that promote engagement across lines of difference.

Monographs and Reports

Development of Case Stories by Interviewing Students about their Critical Moments in Science, Math, and Engineering Classes
Vicki May, Thomas Luxon, Kathy Weaver, Rachel Esselstein, and Cynthia Char. Numeracy, Vol. 1, Issue 1. University of South Florida. 2008.
This article describes Dartmouth’s Critical Moments project, designed to promote discussions among faculty and graduate students about the retention of students—particularly women and minorities—in science, math, and engineering (SME) disciplines. The four case stories are fictionalized composites drawn from surveys and interviews of real Dartmouth students who experienced a critical moment—a positive or negative event or time that had a significant impact on the student’s academic life.

Using Multiple Lenses: An Examination of the Economic and Racial/Ethnic Diversity of College Students
José Moreno, Daryl Smith, Sharon Parker, Alma Clayton-Pederson, and Daniel Hiroyuki Teraguchi. James Irvine Foundation. 2006.
This report, funded by the James Irvine Foundation's Campus Diversity Initiative, analyzes enrollment data at 22 independent institutions and finds that increasing enrollment of underrepresented students does not necessarily increase the number of low-income students.

Building Capacity: A Study of the James Irvine Foundation Campus Diversity Initiative
Daryl Smith, Sharon Parker, Alma Clayton-Pederson, José F. Moreno, and Daniel Hiroyuki Teraguchi. James Irvine Foundation. 2006.
The Irvine Foundation's Campus Diversity Initiative was established to increase college access and success for underrepresented minority students in California through an investment of $29 million at 28 independent colleges and universities. This final evaluation report describes the initiative's outcomes and highlights lessons learned about evaluating and building diversity.

Diversity, Educational Equity, and Learning Communities
Emily Lardner with others. Learning Communities and Education Reform monograph series. Olympia, WA: Washington Center. 2005.
This publication describes the powerful possibilities of intentionally integrating the rich history of diversity work on campuses with learning communities.

Critical Moments Project monograph
Gillies Malnarich and Diane Gillespie, editors. Olympia, WA: Washington Center. 2004.
This introduction to a case-based model for teaching underrepresented students critical thinking and advocacy skills, includes cases developed for classroom use by participating institutions. A chapter on “Essential Practices” outlines how to turn students’ personal experiences into cases as well as strategies for facilitating case discussions.


Encyclopedia of Diversity in Education
James A. Banks, editor. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2012.
This four volume encyclopedia, available in print and electronic formats, offers a systematic review of international international and national diversity education literature. Topics include research, policies, case studies, and best practices drwon from pre- and post-secondary education levels. Critical Moments is included in the first volume.

Higher Education and First-Generation Students
Rashné Rustom Jehangir. New York, NY: Palgrave MacMillan. 2010.
Jehangir's book draws on firsthand narratives of first-generation low-income students, gathered as part of an eight-year study of first generation students that participated in a multicultural learning community. Readers are asked to consider how the nation's changing demographics require renewed attention to undergraduate education and an examination of how to better serve low-income and first-generation students.

Can We Talk about Race? And Other Conversations in an Era of School Resegregation
Beverly Daniel Tatum. Boston, MA: Beacon Press. 2007.
While this book begins with an examination of primary school education, it ends with an examination of "Higher Education in a Changing Democracy."

Making a Real Difference with Diversity
Alma R. Clayton-Pedersen, Sharon Parker, Daryl G. Smith, Jose F. Moreno, and Daniel Hiroyuki Teraguch. Washington, DC: American Association of Colleges & Universities (AAC&U). 2007.
Drawn from research from the six-year Irvine Foundation's Campus Diversity Initiative, this guidebook provides readers with a step-by-step guide for implementing, evaluating, and sustaining comprehensive diversity work on campus.

Ethnicity Matters: Rethinking How Black, Hispanic & Indian Students Prepare for and Succeed in College
MaryJo Benton Lee (editor). New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc. 2006.
This book focuses on four model programs that are highly effective in preparing students from underrepresented groups for college and in supporting these students through degree completion.  See, in particular, Chapter 5, by Diane Gillespie, Gillies Malnarich, and George Woods which explores the origins and development of the Critical Moments model, its successful implementation, and its use as a means for individual and institutional transformation.

Teaching Inclusively: Resources for Course, Department and Institutional Change in Higher Education
Mathew L. Ouellett (editor). Stillwater, OK: New Forums Press. 2005.
A big book of ideas, drawn from a wide range of institutional settings, for creating change on every level from the classroom to the campus as a whole.  See, in particular, Chapter 25, by Diane Gillespie, Gillies Malnarich, and Tina Young which discusses Seattle Central Community College’s development of companion case studies, where a “critical moment” is described from two perspectives—through a student’s lens and, linked to this case story, overlapping issues from either an institutional, faculty, or staff perspective.

Sustaining and Improving Learning Communities
Jodi Levine Laufgraben and Nancy S. Shapiro. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. 2004.
This book explores how students in learning communities actively participate in their own education, and deepen and diversify their college experience. See, in particular, Chapter 4, "Approaching Diversity Through Learning Communities," by Emily Lardner, focuses specifically on addressing campus equity issues through learning communities.

Radical Equations: Math Literacy and Civil Rights
Robert P. Moses and Charles E. Cobb, Jr. Boston, MA: Beacon Press. 2001.
Moses, teacher and founder of the Algebra Project, a national math literacy program, calls economic access—which depends on science and math literacy—the most urgent social issue affecting poor people and people of color.

The Light in Their Eyes: Creating Multiculural Learning Communities
Sonia Nieto. New York, NY: Teachers College Press. 1999.
Nieto argues that conceptualizing multicultural education as 'curriculum integration' misses the primary aim of multicultural education, student learning. She synthesizes educational research and the narratives of teachers engaged in transforming classrooms to detail a critical dimension of multicultural education—equity pedagogy.


Introduction to the Framework for Diversity Assessment and Planning
Emily Lardner and Rhonda Coats. Washington Center News. Olympia, WA: Washington Center. Fall 2004.
This article describes the impetus for the Framework for Diversity Assessment and Planning as well as the collaborative process that was used to development it.

Framework for Diversity Assessment and Planning
Includes a downloadable version of the framework, along with information about how the framework was developed.

The Equity Scorecard
Center for Urban Education. University of Southern California Rossier School of Education.
The Equity Scorecard is a process, as well as a tool, that combines a theoretical framework with practical strategies to initiate institutional change leading to improved equity for students of color.


Center for Urban Education
USC Rossier School of Education's Center for Urban Education hosts this website. It highlights their Equity Scorecard and includes a number of articles and publications on access, equity, and student success.

Diversity Web
A website of the American Association of Colleges and Universities (AAC&U), Diversity Web bills itself as an interactive resource hub for higher education. A wide range of resources and examples from institutions across the country can be found here.

Diversity and Learning
This website, hosted at Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) includes a searchable Multicultural Online Resource Guide.

Educational Leadership and Policy Studies
This website, hosted by Iowa State University, has downloadable versions of ASHE/Lumina policy briefs on access and equity.

First in the Family
This website includes audio slide shows for first-generation students, including a slide show about learning communities, and a college guide for first-generation students. Complimentary print copies of the guide can be requested.

Institute for Higher Education Policy
The Institute for Higher Education Policy (IHEP) is an independent, nonprofit organization that is dedicated to access and success in postsecondary education. The Publications menu has a wide range of reports and fact sheets, all of which can be downloaded as pdf's at no cost. The Resources menu has links to other organizations and websites.

Complete list of resources