201213 Undergraduate Index AZ
Need help finding the right program? Contact Academic Advising
Tips for Using the Catalog
Mathematics [clear]
Title  Offering  Standing  Credits  Credits  When  F  W  S  Su  Description  Preparatory  Faculty  Days  Multiple Standings  Start Quarters  Open Quarters 

Brian Walter and Sara Sunshine Campbell

Program  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  16  16  Day  S 13Spring  Western science relies on mathematics as a powerful language for expressing the character of the observed world. Mathematical models allow predictions, more or less, of complex natural systems, and modern computing has both magnified the power of those models and helped shape new models that increasingly influence 21stcentury decisions. Computer science, the constructive branch of mathematics, relies on mathematics for its culture and language of problem solving, and it also facilitates the construction of mathematical models.In this program, we will explore connections between mathematics, computer science, and the natural sciences, and develop mathematical abstractions and the skills needed to express, analyze, and solve problems arising in the sciences. The regular work of the program will include seminars, lectures, problem solving workshops, programming labs, problem sets, and seminar papers. The emphasis will be on fluency in mathematical thinking and expression along with reflections on mathematics and society. Topics will include concepts of algebra, functions, algorithms, computer programming, and problem solving, with seminar readings about the role of mathematics in modern education and in society.This program is intended for students who want to gain a fundamental understanding of mathematics and computing before leaving college or before pursuing further work in the sciences.  Brian Walter Sara Sunshine Campbell  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Spring  Spring  
Vauhn FosterGrahler

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4  04  Day  F 12 Fall  Algebraic Thinking develops problemsolving and criticalthinking skills by using algebra to solve contextbased problems. Problems are approached algebraically, graphically, numerically, and verbally. Topics include linear, quadratic, and exponential functions, righttriangle trigonometry, and data analysis. Collaborative learning is emphasized.  Vauhn FosterGrahler  Mon Thu  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall  
Rebecca Chamberlain and Richard Miles

Program  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  16  16  Day and Evening  S 13Spring  This interdisciplinary program will combine science and humanities, as we learn beginning to intermediate astronomy through lectures, discussions, interactive workshops, and observation. We will use naked eyes, binoculars, and telescopes. We will learn about the evolution and structure of our universe and celestial bodies. How are stars born and why do they shine? How do stars die, and how can they contribute to new life? How do we know there is dark matter? How do we know that the universe is expanding  and even accelerating? What evidence is there for the Big Bang? We will study roles of science and of storytelling in human searches for understanding and meaning.How have people across cultures and throughout history understood, modeled, and ordered the universe they perceive? From sacred stories to physicsbased astronomy, we will explore a variety of cosmological concepts in science, literature, mythology, philosophy, history and/or archaeoastronomy. We will use scientific methods and other inquirybased learning strategies that engage the imagination. Through readings, lectures, films, workshops, and discussions, participants will deepen their understanding of astronomy, and they will refine their understanding of the role that cosmology plays in our lives through the stories we tell, the observations we make, and the questions we ask. We will develop skills and appreciation for the ways we find our place in the universe through stories and science, imagination and intellect, qualitative and quantitative processes. Finally we will ask, how does our understanding of astronomy and cosmologies influence our understanding of sustainability and the quality of life on Earth?We will work together as a learning community, in large and small groups. We will read and discuss science texts and do quantitative workshops and homework. Students will build and take home astronomical tools such as spectrometers and position finders. Students will analyze literary works related to astronomy and cosmology, and will develop an original piece of writing, either fiction or nonfiction. We will also share star stories from different cultures. Student teams will meet for preseminar discussions and assignments and will write short essays and responses to peers' essays. Research teams will explore questions of personal interest through observations, readings and calculations; and students will share their findings through presentations to classmates and the community. Students are invited to help organize observation field trips to eastern Washington or other regions with clearer skies.  Rebecca Chamberlain Richard Miles  Tue Thu  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Spring  Spring  
Carolyn Prouty and Wenhong Wang
Signature Required:
Winter

Program  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  16  16  Day  F 12 Fall  W 13Winter  Carolyn Prouty Wenhong Wang  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall Winter  
Allen Mauney

Program  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  8  08  Evening and Weekend  Su 13Summer Session II  The first part of the curriculum will include approximating areas, the definite integral as a limit, antidifferentiation, the product/quotient/chain rules, integration by parts, trigonometric integrals, trigonometric substitutions, and a wide variety of applications of the integral. The program will end with various topics including Taylor polynomials, infinite series, power series, improper integrals, vectors, and multivariable calculus. Students will write exams, do homework, work collaboratively in class, and present their results to their peers.  Allen Mauney  Tue Thu Sat  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Summer  Summer  
Vauhn FosterGrahler

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4  04  Day  F 12 Fall  W 13Winter  S 13Spring  This yearlong sequence of courses will provide a rigorous treatment of the procedures, concepts, and applications of differential and integral calculus, multidimensional space, sequences, and series. This yearlong sequence is appropriate for students who are planning to teach secondary mathematics or engage in further study in mathematics, science, or economics. In particular we will cover applications of differentiation including related rates and optimization and of integration including area, arc length, volume, and distribution functions. We will gain a deep understanding of the analytical geometry of lines, surfaces, and vectors in multidimensional space and engage in a rigorous treatment of sequences and series. Throughout the year, we will approach the mathematics algebraically, graphically, numerically, and verbally. Studentcentered pedagogies will be used and collaborative learning will be emphasized. If you have questions about your readiness to take this class, please contact the faculty.  Vauhn FosterGrahler  Tue Thu  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall Winter Spring  
Sheryl Shulman, Aaron Skomra and Neal Nelson
Signature Required:
Winter

Program  SO–SRSophomore  Senior  16  16  Day  F 12 Fall  W 13Winter  Computers are such an omnipresent and useful tool that it might seem like they can do anything. Through studying topics in advanced computer science, this program will explore what computers can do, how we get them to do it, and what computers can't do. It is designed for advanced computer science students and students with an interest in both mathematics and computer science. Topics covered will include formal computer languages, systems of formal logic, computability theory, and programming language design and implementation. Students will also study a functional programming language, , learn the theoretical basis of programming languages and do an indepth comparison of the properties and capabilities of languages in the four primary programming paradigms: functional, logic, imperative and objectoriented. Program seminars will explore selected advanced topics in logic, language theory and computability. Topics will be organized around three interwoven themes. The theme will cover the theoretical basis of language definitions, concluding with a study of what is computable. The theme will cover traditional logic systems and their limits, concluding with some nontraditional logic systems and their applications to computer science. In the theme we will study both the theoretical basis and practical implementation of programming language definitions by comparing the implementations of the four programming language paradigms. Students will have an opportunity to conclude the program with a major project, such as a definition and implementation of a small programming language.  Sheryl Shulman Aaron Skomra Neal Nelson  Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall Winter  
Sheryl Shulman, Aaron Skomra and Neal Nelson
Signature Required:
Winter

Program  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  16  16  Day  F 12 Fall  W 13Winter  The goal of this program is to learn the intellectual concepts and skills that are essential for advanced work in computer science. Students will have the opportunity to achieve a deeper understanding of increasingly complex computing systems by acquiring knowledge and skills in mathematical abstraction, problem solving, and the organization and analysis of hardware and software systems. The program covers material such as algorithms, data structures, computer organization and architecture, logic, discrete mathematics and programming in a liberal arts computer science curriculum. In both quarters the program content will be organized around four interwoven themes. The theme covers concepts and structures of computing systems from digital logic to operating systems. The theme concentrates on learning how to design and code programs to solve problems. The theme helps develop mathematical reasoning, theoretical abstractions and problem solving skills needed for computer scientists. The theme explores social, historical or philosophical topics related to science and technology.  computer science and mathematics, including computer programming, discrete mathematics, algorithms, data structures, computer architecture, and topics in technology and society.  Sheryl Shulman Aaron Skomra Neal Nelson  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall Winter  
Arun Chandra

Program  SO–SRSophomore  Senior  16  16  Day  S 13Spring  How can musical compositions express the complexity of their times? Western European music has had a long development of simultaneous complexity, from the introduction during Medieval times of independent voice leading, to the multivoiced complexity of Gyorgi Ligeti's "micropolyphony" in the 1960s. "Polyphony" is the opposite of “homophony”, in which musical lines are not independent of one another, but hierarchically bound to one another, harmonically and metrically, as in a "Barbershop Quartet".Polyphony has analogues in human and animal behavior. From the 1930s through the 1970s, the anthropologist Gregory Bateson studied the cultures of the South Pacific, the behaviors of alcoholics in San Francisco, and the language of dolphins. From these (and many other areas of study) he created analyses that addressed the complexity of their subject matters, without simplifying them. In this program, we will be reading analyses by Bateson, while creating compositions in sound that mirror and address the complexities that Bateson writes about, via the musical techniques of polyphony and voicemisleading.We will also investigate and learn how to use Max/MSP, one of the mostpopular software packages for the creation of music compositions, in an attempt to create acoustic events that might begin to match the complexity of our own times, using polyphony, and studying the ideas of counterpoint as shown in the compositions of J. S. Bach, Arnold Schoenberg, Gyorgi Ligeti, and contemporary composers. There will be regular listening sessions, musical projects, and writing assignments using the Bateson essays as models. The program will attend concerts of music in Seattle and Portland and give a public concert of our final compositions.  Arun Chandra  Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Spring  Spring  
Vauhn FosterGrahler

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4  04  Day  Su 13Summer Session I  Discrete mathematics can be loosely organized into four areas: sets, functions and relations, combinatorics and probability, and graph theory. This course will cover parts of each of these areas including logic, mathematical writing and introduction to proofs, introductory work with sets and Boolean Algebra, counting and probability, graphs, and trees. The classroom will be studentcentered with a strong emphasis on collaborative learning. Students will be expected to engage in a rigourous study of the mathematics and participate fully in reflective practices centered on teaching and learning. This discrete mathematics course is designed for students who have an interest in mathematical reasoning and for those who are preparing for further study in mathematics, computer science, and math education. You are encouraged to have successfully completed at least one collegelevel math class in preparation for this course.  Vauhn FosterGrahler  Wed Fri  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Summer  Summer  
Brian Walter, Susan Fiksdal and Sara Sunshine Campbell

Program  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  16  16  Day  F 12 Fall  W 13Winter  What can a poll tell us about the outcome of an election? Do test scores really indicate whether a public school is "good"? What do gas prices have to do with social equity? Why are food labels a social justice issue?Quantitative literacy is a powerful tool that allows one not only to understand complex realworld phenomena but also to effect change. Educator and social justice advocate Eric Gutstein says that reading the world with mathematics means "to use mathematics to understand relations of power, resource inequities, and disparate opportunities between different social groups and to understand explicit discrimination based on race, class, gender, language, and other differences."In this program, we will "read the world with mathematics" as we consider issues of social justice, focusing particularly on how quantitative as well as qualitative approaches can deepen our understanding. The program work will develop students' knowledge of mathematics and examine issues of inequity using quantitative tools. In addition, students will work on persuasive writing and develop a historical understanding of current social structures. Our goal for our students is to expand their sense of social agency, their capacity to understand issues related to equity, and their ability to take action and work toward social change.In fall, we will study presidential and congressional national elections in the United States. We'll look at quantitative approaches to polling and the electoral process, including study of the electoral college system, and qualitative approaches to campaign advertising and political speeches. We'll examine the changing role of media, such as radio, television, the Internet and social media, by studying past presidential campaigns and how they've impacted today's campaigns. This work will include workshops in statistics and other quantitative approaches; workshops in discourse analysis of ads, blogs and social media websites; writing workshops; lectures; films and other media; book seminars; synthesis seminars; and a final project including quantitative and qualitative analysis of some aspect of the 2012 national elections.In winter quarter, we will investigate common experiences students have with mathematical work by studying the U.S. education system and mathematics education in particular. Civil rights activist Bob Moses has said that mathematics education in our public schools is a civil rights issue. Economic access depends on mathematical literacy, yet many students are marginalized by the middleclass curriculum and teaching practices of our public schools. Our exploration of this issue will inform our learning as we develop our own mathematical literacy.There are no mathematics requirements for this program. It is designed specifically to accommodate students who are uncertain of their mathematical skills, or who have had negative experiences with mathematics in the past. It is an introduction to collegelevel mathematics in the areas of statistics, probability, discrete mathematics, geometry and algebra. The program will also provide opportunities for students who wish to advance their mathematical understanding beyond the introductory level in these areas.  Brian Walter Susan Fiksdal Sara Sunshine Campbell  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall Winter  
Neal Nelson

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4  04  Day  Su 13Summer Session I  This class is an introduction to both Euclidean and nonEuclidean geometry suitable for teachers or others interested in gaining a deeper understanding of mathematics, mathematical proof, and the historical and conceptual evolution of geometrical ideas. The course will concentrate on problem solving and the development of mathematical skills, particularly proofs, with the goal of understanding the major conceptual developments in the history of geometry. Class activities will be primarily reading, problem solving, and discussion with lectures as needed.  Neal Nelson  Tue Thu  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Summer  Summer  
Benjamin Simon, Rachel Hastings and Dharshi Bopegedera
Signature Required:
Winter Spring

Program  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  16  16  Day  F 12 Fall  W 13Winter  S 13Spring  This program is a rigorous introduction to important knowledge and skills students need to continue in the natural sciences and environmental sciences. We will cover key concepts in general chemistry, general biology, and precalculus mathematics. Students who have completed precalculus will have the option of pursuing work in introductory calculus.The integration of biology, chemistry and mathematics will assist us in asking and answering questions that lie in the intersections of these fields. Such topics include the chemical structure of DNA, the mathematical modeling of biological population growth, and the equations governing chemical equilibria and kinetics. Our laboratory work in biology and chemistry will also allow us to observe phenomena, collect data, and gain firsthand insight into the complex relationship between mathematical models and experimental results.Program activities will include lectures, laboratories, workshops, scientific writing and student presentations. Disciplines will be integrated throughout the year so students can understand the natural world from multiple perspectives.During fall, we will focus on skill building in the laboratory and acquiring the basic tools in chemistry, biology and mathematics. By winter quarter, students will increase their ability to integrate disciplines, moving between established models and experimental data to ask and seek answers to their own questions.The student presentations will require students to actively participate in conversations on current topics in science. Students will engage library research, writing and oral presentations to communicate their knowledge of these topics to others. A spring quarter component will be a library or laboratory research project and presentation of their findings at the college's annual Science Carnival. This opportunity will allow students to use their knowledge of science to teach schoolchildren (in K12) in order to improve their own understanding of science.This program is designed for students who want a foundation in science using an interdisciplinary framework. It will require a serious commitment of time and effort. Overall, we expect students to end the program in the spring with a solid working knowledge of scientific and mathematical concepts, and with the ability to reason critically and solve problems. Students will also gain a strong appreciation of the interconnectedness of biological, chemical and mathematical systems, and an ability to apply this knowledge to complex problems.Upon completion of the program, students will have completed one year of general chemistry with laboratory, general biology with laboratory and two quarters of mathematics (precalculus and possibly calculus for students who are prepared).  Benjamin Simon Rachel Hastings Dharshi Bopegedera  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall Winter Spring  
Sheryl Shulman

Program  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4, 8  04 08  Day  Su 13Summer Full  This 8week program is for individuals interested in learning the mathematics required for an elementary education teaching certificate. We will cover topics in problem solving, sets, fractions, algebra, statistics, mathematical reasoning and proof, geometry, number and operation, mathematical representation, and mathematical communication. Students registering for 4 credits will study geometry and statistics.  Sheryl Shulman  Tue Thu  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Summer  Summer  
Paul McCreary

Program  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4, 8  04 08  Day  Su 13Summer Session I  Each student will begin working where their current skill level is. Appropriate skill levels for the course include algebra, calculus, and any in between. We will directly confront the fears and phobias that many of us feel and help to move beyond those fears. All students will support each other and also receive tutoring help from other students in the class. Because different texts will be used for different students, please contact the instructor before purchasing a text.This course will count towards requirements for becoming elementary, middle, or high school teachers. Students registering for 4 credits will attend only Wednesday through Friday.  science, technology, mathematics, teaching  Paul McCreary  Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Summer  Summer  
Sara Sunshine Campbell

Program  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  8, 10  08 10  Evening  S 13Spring  Sara Sunshine Campbell  Tue Thu  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Spring  Spring  
Allen Mauney

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4  04  Evening  F 12 Fall  In a presidential election year, the public is flooded by the media with polls, projections, and political strategies used in various campaigns. The goal of this class is to offer students some basic tools to understand and critically evaluate aspects of the election process. Students will use descriptive statistics to create graphical representations of data and evaluate the information content in general graphics. In order to understand the basics of polling, students will use inferential statistics to see how polling data is collected and what the limitations of polling are. Voting theory is an active research topic and students will be introduced to some surprising current results in this field and get an overview of broadly used voting methods. Apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives is an ongoing, vital political process. Students will be introduced to its long, contentious history and the theory underlying current methods. By the end of the class, students will have some quantitative literacy that relates directly to engagement in democratic government.  Allen Mauney  Thu  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall  
Brian Walter, Gary Howell and John Schaub
Signature Required:
Winter Spring

Program  SO–SRSophomore  Senior  16  16  Day  F 12 Fall  W 13Winter  S 13Spring  Close observation of the natural world reveals a high degree of underlying order. One of the ways scientists understand and explain this order is using the language of mathematics. Indeed, the degree to which the universe lends itself to a mathematical description is remarkable. The goal of this advanced program is to introduce the mathematical language and methods we use to describe and create physical models of our world. To that end, we will examine a number of key physical theories and systematically develop the mathematical tools that we need to understand them.We will begin, in fall quarter, with a detailed study of classical mechanicsthe mathematical description of the clockwork universe envisioned by Newton and others who followed him. We will focus initially on linear approximations for which analytical solutions are possible. The mathematical methods we will learn for this purpose include differential equations, vector calculus and linear algebra. In winter quarter we will move beyond linear approximations and study nonlinear systems and chaos and the implications of these ideas for the determinism implied by classical mechanics. We will also consider electrodynamics, the theory that governs the interactions between charged particles, and extend our study to the realm of the very fast by considering Einstein's theories of special and general relativity. We will continue our study of vector calculus and partial differential equations to develop these ideas. In spring quarter we will explore modern physics and quantum theory, which describe physics at the atomic scale. In support of this work we will continue to study boundary value problems and partial differential equations.The work in this program will consist of lectures, tutorials, group workshops, student presentations, computer labs and seminars on the philosophy and history of mathematics and physics, current topics in physics, and mathematics and physics in literature and writing.  mathematics, physics, chemistry and education.  Brian Walter Gary Howell John Schaub  Mon Tue Wed Thu  Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall Winter Spring  
Arun Chandra and Richard Weiss

Program  FR–SOFreshmen  Sophomore  16  16  Day  F 12 Fall  W 13Winter  Systems are not only of things but the relations between them.Mathematics offers an elegant language for the creation and analysis of relations and patterns, in and out of time. In its essence it is about order, continuity and difference.Music (when not merely reproduction) comes into being when a composer desires, specifies and implements sounds in a system of relations. ("Style" being a shorthand for a particular system of sounds and their relations.)Thus, music realizes the offer of mathematics when an implementation of desire involves systems of thought: what you want is what you getbut you have to want something! and articulate it! in a language! of things! and relations!which is cybernetics."Cybernetics is a way of thinking about ways of thinking, of which it is one." Larry Richards.This program interleaves the composition of computer music with the mathematics and analysis of sound. We will explore how it relates to scientific methodology, creative insight and contemporary technology. We will address "things" such as music and sound, rhythms and pulses, harmonics and resonances, the physical, geometrical, and psychophysical bases of sound, acoustics, and their differing sets of relations by which they become "systems".A composer/musician and a computer scientist/mathematician will collaborate to offer a creative and practical, accessible and deeply engaging introduction to these subjects for interested nonspecialists. Our math will be at a precalculus level, though students may do research projects at a more advanced level if they choose. Interdisciplinary projects could include creating music algorithmically with computers, or analyzing sound mathematically.Cybernetics offers both a philosophy underlying systems of thought, as well as frameworks with which one can both analyze and create. This program is designed for those who find their art in numbers, their science in notes, their thoughts on the ground, and their feet in the stars. By combining music, mathematics and computer science, this program contributes to a liberal arts education, and appeals to the creativity of both buttocks of the brain.  Arun Chandra Richard Weiss  Mon Mon Tue Tue Thu Thu  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO  Fall  Fall Winter  
Rip Heminway and Sheryl Shulman
Signature Required:
Fall Winter Spring

Contract  JR–SRJunior  Senior  8  08  Day  F 12 Fall  W 13Winter  S 13Spring  The Computer Science Intern develops skills in advanced topics of Computer Science through the coordination of the Operating Systems Lab (OSL). This intern develops advanced skills in operating systems, cluster computing, system administration and network topology design. The intern assists with lab coordination, hardware and software upgrades, creating instructional materials and lab documentation, and provides users with technical assistance  computer science and technology.  Rip Heminway Sheryl Shulman  Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall Winter Spring  
Mario Gadea
Signature Required:
Winter Spring

Program  SO–SRSophomore  Senior  8  08  Evening  F 12 Fall  W 13Winter  S 13Spring  Physics is concerned with the basic principles of the universe. It is the foundation on which engineering, technology, and other sciences are based. The science of physics has developed out of the efforts of men and women to explain our physical environment. These efforts have been so successful that the laws of physics now encompass a remarkable variety of phenomena. One of the exciting features of physics is its capacity for predicting how nature will behave in one situation on the basis of experimental data obtained in another situation. In this program we will begin the process of understanding the underlying order of the physical world by modeling physical systems using both the analytical tools of calculus and the numerical tools provided by digital computers. We will also have significant handson laboratory experience to make predictions and explore some of these models. In this thematicallyintegrated program, students will cover a full year of calculus and algebrabased physics through smallgroup discussions, interactive lectures, and handson laboratory investigations. In physics, we will learn about motion, energy, models, and the process for constructing them. Through our study of calculus, we will learn how to analyze these models mathematically. We will study some of Galileo's significant contributions to classical mechanics, Kepler's astronomical observations, Newton's work on calculus and laws of motion, Euler's applications of calculus to the study of reallife problems in physics (magnetism, optics and acoustics), Maxwell's development of the unified theory of magnetism, Einstein’s relativity, and many others. This program will cover many of the traditional topics of both a firstyear calculus sequence and a firstyear physics sequence. Covering these topics together allows for the many connections between them to be reinforced while helping make clear the value of each.  Mario Gadea  Tue Thu  Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall Winter Spring  
Allen Mauney

Program  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  8  08  Evening and Weekend  Su 13Summer Session I  This class offers a brief, focused review of selected precalculus topics that are essential for success in calculus. The calculus curriculum includes all topics typically covered in a firstquarter differential calculus class. The idea of the derivative will be initially approached via average rates of changes and slopes of secant lines and then rigorously defined with limits. Derivatives of all basic functions will be developed qualitatively and rigorously. The emphasis of the class is on using derivatives to model phenomena in the larger world. Extrema, related rates, and optimization will be culminating topics. The program will end with and introduction to antiderivatives. Precalculus and trig are prerequisites.  Allen Mauney  Tue Thu Sat  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Summer  Summer  
Vauhn FosterGrahler

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4  04  Day  W 13Winter  S 13Spring  This twoquarter sequence of courses will prepare students for calculus and more advanced mathematics. It is a good course for students who have recently had a collegelevel math class or at least three years of high school math. Students should enter the class with a good knowledge of supporting algebra. Winter quarter will include an indepth study of linear, quadratic, exponential, and logarithmic functions. Spring will include an indepth study of trigonometric and rational functions in addition to parametric equations, polar coordinates, and operations on functions. Collaborative learning, data analysis and approaching problems from multiple perspectives (algebraically, numerically, graphically, and verbally) will be emphasized.  Vauhn FosterGrahler  Mon Thu  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Winter  Winter Spring  
Ralph Murphy

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4  04  Evening  Su 13Summer Session I  This class covers key statistical concepts at the conceptual and computational level with an emphasis on how statistics is used in research in natural and social sciences. Important elements of research design are covered in the class. Descriptive and inferential statistical tests are covered including scales of data, measures of central tendency, normal distributions, probability, chi square, correlation and linear regression, tests of hypothesis, and Type I and Type II errors. Students will develop a clear understanding of introductory statistics and the ability to correctly interpret findings in journals, newspapers, and books. The class meets the statistics prerequisite for MES and MPA programs at Evergreen and most other graduate schools with a statistics prerequisite.  Ralph Murphy  Mon Wed  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Summer  Summer  
Carrie Margolin

Program  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  8  08  Day  Su 13Summer Session I  This course provides a concentrated overview of the statistics and research methodology required for the GRE and prerequisites for graduate schools in psychology, education, and other social sciences. We emphasize handson, intuitive knowledge and approach statistics as a language rather than as math alone; thus this course is gentle on "math phobics." No computer skills are required. You will become an informed and savvy consumer of information, from the classroom to the workplace. We will cover descriptive and inferential statistics, research methodology and ethics.  psychology, social services, health care, education  Carrie Margolin  Tue Thu  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Summer  Summer  
Doreen Swetkis
Signature Required:
Summer

Course  JR–SRJunior  Senior  4  04  Evening  Su 13Summer Session I  This course is designed to help students understand statistical concepts including sampling, variability, distribution, association, causation, estimation, confidence, and significance. Students will be asked to interpret and communicate results from statistical analysis. Successful completion of this course will fulfill the statistics prerequisite requirement for admission into the Master of Public Administration program at Evergreen.  Doreen Swetkis  Mon Thu  Junior JR Senior SR  Summer  Summer  
Alvin Josephy

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4  04  Evening  F 12 Fall  This course is an introduction to statistics for students with limited mathematical skills, little if any formal exposure to data and data analysis, and no experience with statistics. This class will introduce the student to the statistical process, including data collection, ways of organizing data, an introduction to data analysis, and an opportunity to learn how practitioners present their findings. We will examine several case studies, explore how data is used in explaining common events, and develop a more critical understanding about how statistics allows us to understand the world around us. (Note: Please bring a calculator.)  Alvin Josephy  Mon  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall  
Alvin Josephy

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4  04  Evening  W 13Winter  This course is an introduction to statistics for students with limited mathematical skills, little if any formal exposure to data and data analysis, and no experience with statistics. This class will introduce the student to the statistical process, including data collection, ways of organizing data, an introduction to data analysis, and an opportunity to learn how practitioners present their findings. We will examine several case studies, explore how data is used in explaining common events, and develop a more critical understanding about how statistics allows us to understand the world around us. (Note: Please bring a calculator.)  Alvin Josephy  Wed  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Winter  Winter  
Alvin Josephy

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4  04  Evening  S 13Spring  This course is an introduction to statistics for students with limited mathematical skills, little if any formal exposure to data and data analysis, and no experience with statistics. This class will introduce the student to the statistical process, including data collection, ways of organizing data, an introduction to data analysis, and an opportunity to learn how practitioners present their findings. We will examine several case studies, explore how data is used in explaining common events, and develop a more critical understanding about how statistics allows us to understand the world around us. (Note: Please bring a calculator.)  Alvin Josephy  Mon  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Spring  Spring  
Alvin Josephy

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4  04  Evening  F 12 Fall  This course is an introduction to statistics for students with limited mathematical skills, little if any formal exposure to data and data analysis, and no experience with statistics. This class will introduce the student to the statistical process, including data collection, ways of organizing data, an introduction to data analysis, and an opportunity to learn how practitioners present their findings. We will examine several case studies, explore how data is used in explaining common events, and develop a more critical understanding about how statistics allows us to understand the world around us. (Note: Please bring a calculator.)  Alvin Josephy  Tue  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall  
Allen Mauney

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4  04  Evening  W 13Winter  This course is an introduction to statistics for students with limited mathematical skills, little if any formal exposure to data and data analysis, and no experience with statistics. This class will introduce the student to the statistical process, including data collection, ways of organizing data, an introduction to data analysis, and an opportunity to learn how practitioners present their findings. We will examine several case studies, explore how data is used in explaining common events, and develop a more critical understanding about how statistics allows us to understand the world around us. (Note: Please bring a calculator.)  Allen Mauney  Thu  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Winter  Winter  
Allen Mauney

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4  04  Evening  S 13Spring  This course is an introduction to statistics for students with limited mathematical skills, little if any formal exposure to data and data analysis, and no experience with statistics. This class will introduce the student to the statistical process, including data collection, ways of organizing data, an introduction to data analysis, and an opportunity to learn how practitioners present their findings. We will examine several case studies, explore how data is used in explaining common events, and develop a more critical understanding about how statistics allows us to understand the world around us. (Note: Please bring a calculator.)  Allen Mauney  Thu  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Spring  Spring  
Alvin Josephy

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4  04  Evening  Su 13Summer Session I  This course is intended as an introduction to statistics. It is understood that the student has little if any formal exposure to data and data analysis, and no experience with statistics. This class will introduce the student to the statistical process—data collection, ways of organizing data—and provide an introduction to data analysis and an opportunity to learn how practitioners present their findings. We will consider several case studies, explore how data is used in explaining common events, and develop a more critical understanding about how statistics allows us to understand the world around us. (Note: Please bring a calculator.)  Alvin Josephy  Tue Thu  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Summer  Summer  
Alvin Josephy

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4  04  Evening  W 13Winter  In this class we will explore the concepts of inferential statistics. This class assumes that the student has a prior background in descriptive statistics. The class will discuss probability, especially in terms of probability distributions, and move on to hypothesis testing. In this context, the class will work with several distributions, such as t, chi square, F as well as the normal distribution, and work with ANOVA and multiple regression. The class will finish with an introduction to nonparametric statistics. In addition, the students will consider journal articles and research concepts, and will prepare a small presentation using the concepts from the class.  Alvin Josephy  Tue  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Winter  Winter  
Alvin Josephy

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  4  04  Evening  S 13Spring  In this class we will explore the concepts of inferential statistics. This class assumes that the student has a prior background in descriptive statistics. The class will discuss probability, especially in terms of probability distributions, and move on to hypothesis testing. In this context, the class will work with several distributions, such as t, chi square, F as well as the normal distribution, and work with ANOVA and multiple regression. The class will finish with an introduction to nonparametric statistics. In addition, the students will consider journal articles and research concepts, and will prepare a small presentation using the concepts from the class.  Alvin Josephy  Wed  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Spring  Spring  
Ruth Hayes and Krishna Chowdary
Signature Required:
Winter

Program  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  16  16  Day  F 12 Fall  W 13Winter  "Animation follows the rules of physics  unless it is funnier otherwise."  Art Babbitt, animatorWhat are the 'rules' of physics, and where do they come from? How do animators follow these rules? How do they know when to break them?This challenging program will introduce you to the mathematical models that help describe and explain motion in the natural world. You will learn how to combine observation, reason and imagination to produce such models, explore the creative uses that can be made of them, and consider the new meanings that result. We hope to highlight similarities and differences between how artists and scientists make sense of, and intervene in, the world.We do not expect prior experience in drawing, animation or physics; the program is designed to accommodate new learners in these areas. We do expect that you can read and write at the college level and have completed math through intermediate algebra. You will all engage in common work in drawing, animation, mathematics and physics, for 14 credits. You will also be asked to choose one of two more focused tracks for the remaining two credits, either in (1) drawing or (2) mathematics. Students who choose to focus on drawing will gain two quarters experience of collegelevel drawing. Students who choose to focus on mathematics will cover two quarters of calculus in this program. Which ever you choose, the work will be intensive in both art and science, and you should plan to spend on average up to 50 hours per week (including class time).Through workshops, labs, seminars and lectures, you will learn basic principles of drawing, animation, mathematics and physics, while improving reading and writing skills. You will integrate these areas to represent and interpret the natural and humancreated worlds, and to solve scientific and design problems in those worlds. For example, in physics labs and animation workshops you might record highspeed video to analyze motion or construct animation toys that play with the boundaries between motion and illusions of motion.In fall we will introduce you to basic principles and practices of drawing, 2D analog animation and video production, as well as the fundamentals of physics, including kinematics, forces and conservation principles. To support this work, you will also study mathematics, including ratios and proportional reasoning, geometry, graphing, functions, and concepts of calculus. In winter, you will learn 2D digital animation techniques, focus in physics on special relativity (modern models of space, time and motion), and continue to learn concepts of calculus. The program will culminate in creative projects that integrate your new technical skills with your learning in art and science.  Ruth Hayes Krishna Chowdary  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall Winter  
Mario Gadea
Signature Required:
Spring

Program  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  12  12  Day and Evening  S 13Spring  The unification of electricity and magnetism and the development of calculus are among the most beautiful and elegant intellectual achievements in human history. Electromagnetism, one of the fundamental forces of nature, is vital for an understanding of phenomena ranging from life on earth to the light from stars. Calculus allows us to create accurate mathematical models that explain the world and predict the future.This challenging program integrates mathematics and physics. In our study of mathematics, students will explore some topics typically covered at the end of a yearlong calculus sequence (such as multivariable calculus and vector calculus). In our study of physics, students will learn about electric forces, fields, and energy, circuits, magnetic forces, fields, and induction, and electromagnetic waves. Students will also work on an independent project focusing on some electromagnetic phenomenon or device.We will use lectures, online resources, workshops and labs to learn this material. Students will be evaluated through problem sets, participation in program activities, quizzes and exams. The work will be intensive in math and physics, and you should plan to devote an average of 30 hours per week (including class time) to this program.  Mario Gadea  Mon Tue Wed Thu  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Spring  Spring  
Vauhn FosterGrahler

Course  FR–SRFreshmen  Senior  2  02  Day  S 13Spring  Tutoring Math and Science For Social Justice will include an examination of some of the current research on the teaching and learning of math and science in higher education and will focus this knowledge on its implications for and applications to diverse groups of learners and social justice. Students will experience and evaluate a variety of tutoring strategies as a student and as a facilitator. This class is strongly suggested for students who are planning on teaching math and/or science or who would like to tutor in Evergreen's Quantitative and Symbolic Reasoning Center.  Vauhn FosterGrahler  Wed  Freshmen FR Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Spring  Spring  
Paula Schofield, Brian Walter, Richard Weiss, Abir Biswas, Michael Paros, Clyde Barlow, Benjamin Simon, Judith Cushing, Dharshi Bopegedera, Rebecca Sunderman, EJ Zita, Donald Morisato, Clarissa Dirks, James Neitzel, Sheryl Shulman, Neal Nelson and Lydia McKinstry
Signature Required:
Fall Winter Spring

Program  SO–SRSophomore  Senior  V  V  Day  F 12 Fall  W 13Winter  S 13Spring  Rigorous quantitative and qualitative research is an important component of academic learning in Scientific Inquiry. Research opportunities allow science students to work on specific projects associated with faculty members’ expertise. Students typically begin by working in an apprenticeship model with faculty or laboratory staff and gradually take on more independent projects within the context of the specific research program as they gain experience. Students can develop vital skills in research design, data acquisition and interpretation, modeling and theoretical analysis, written and oral communication, collaboration and critical thinking. These are valuable skills for students pursuing a graduate degree or entering the job market.Faculty offering undergraduate research opportunities are listed below. Contact them directly if you are interested. (chemistry) works with biophysical applications of spectroscopy to study physiological processes at the organ level, with direct applications to health problems. Students with backgrounds in biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics or computer science can obtain practical experience in applying their backgrounds to biomedical research problems in an interdisciplinary laboratory environment. (geology, earth science) studies nutrient and toxic trace metal cycles in terrestrial and coastal ecosystems. Potential projects could include studies of mineral weathering, wildfires and mercury cycling in ecosystems. Students could pursue these interests at the laboratoryscale or through fieldscale biogeochemistry studies taking advantage of the Evergreen Ecological Observation Network (EEON), a longterm ecological study area. Students with backgrounds in a combination of geology, biology or chemistry could gain skills in soil, vegetation and water collection and learn methods of sample preparation and analysis for major and trace elements. (chemistry) would like to engage students in two projects. (1) Quantitative determination of metals in the stalactites formed in aging concrete using ICPMS. Students who are interested in learning about the ICPMS technique and using it for quantitative analysis will find this project interesting. (2) Science and education. We will work with local teachers to develop lab activities that enhance the science curriculum in local schools. Students who have an interest in teaching science and who have completed general chemistry with laboratory would be ideal for this project. (computer science, ecology informatics) studies how scientists might better use information technology and visualization in their research, particularly in ecology and environmental studies. She would like to work with students who have a background in computer science or one of the sciences (e.g., ecology, biology, chemistry or physics), and who are motivated to explore how new computing paradigms can be harnessed to improve the individual and collaborative work of scientists. Such technologies include visualizations, plugins, objectoriented systems, new database technologies and "newer" languages that scientists themselves use such as python or R. (biology) aims to better understand the evolutionary principles that underlie the emergence, spread and containment of infectious disease by studying the coevolution of retroviruses and their primate hosts. Studying how host characteristics and ecological changes influence virus transmission in lemurs will enable us to address the complex spatial and temporal factors that impact emerging diseases. Students with a background in biology and chemistry will gain experience in molecular biology techniques, including tissue culture and the use of viral vectors. (mathematics) is interested in problems in mathematical biology associated with population and evolutionary dynamics. Students working with him will help create computer simulations using agentbased modeling and cellular automata and analyzing nonlinear models for the evolution of cooperative behavior in strategic multiplayer evolutionary games. Students should have a strong mathematics or computer science backgroun. (organic chemistry) is interested in organic synthesis research, including asymmetric synthesis methodology, chemical reaction dynamics and small molecule synthesis. One specific study involves the design and synthesis of enzyme inhibitor molecules to be used as effective laboratory tools with which to study the mechanistic steps of programmed cell death (e.g., in cancer cells). Students with a background in organic chemistry and biology will gain experience with the laboratory techniques of organic synthesis as well as the techniques of spectroscopy. (biology) is interested in the developmental biology of the embryo, a model system for analyzing how patterning occurs. Maternally encoded signaling pathways establish the anteriorposterior and dorsalventral axes. Individual student projects will use a combination of genetic, molecular biological and biochemical approaches to investigate the spatial regulation of this complex process. (biochemistry) uses methods from organic and analytical chemistry to study biologically interesting molecules. A major focus of his current work is on fatty acids; in particular, finding spectroscopic and chromatographic methods to identify fatty acids in complex mixtures and to detect changes that occur in fats during processing or storage. This has relevance both for foods and in biodiesel production. The other major area of interest is in plant natural products, such as salicylates. Work is in process screening local plants for the presence of these molecules, which are important plant defense signals. Work is also supported in determining the nutritional value of indigenous plants. Students with a background and interest in organic, analytical or biochemistry could contribute to this work. (computer science) and (computer science) are interested in working with advanced computer topics and current problems in the application of computing to the sciences. Their areas of interest include simulations of advanced architectures for distributed computing, advanced programming languages and compilers, programming languages for concurrent and parallel computing and hardware modeling languages. (biology, veterinary medicine) is interested in animal health and diseases that affect the animal agriculture industry. Currently funded research includes the development of bacteriophage therapy for dairy cattle uterine infections, calf salmonellosis and mastitis. A number of handson laboratory projects are available to students interested in pursuing careers in science. (organic, polymer, materials chemistry) is interested in the interdisciplinary fields of biodegradable plastics and biomedical polymers. Research in the field of biodegradable plastics is becoming increasingly important to replace current petroleumderived materials and to reduce the environmental impact of plastic wastes. Modification of starch through copolymerization and use of bacterial polyesters show promise in this endeavor. Specific projects within biomedical polymers involve the synthesis of poly (lactic acid) copolymers that have potential for use in tissue engineering. Students with a background in chemistry and biology will gain experience in the synthesis and characterization of these novel polymer materials. Students will present their work at American Chemical Society (ACS) conferences. (computer science) isinterested in working with advanced computer topics and current problems in the application of computing to the sciences. Her areas of interest include simulations of advanced architectures for distributed computing, advanced programming languages and compilers, programming languages for concurrent and parallel computing, and hardware modeling languages. (biology) is interested in immunology, bacterial and viral pathogenesis, vaccine development and gene therapy applications. Recent focus has been on developing novel methods for vaccine delivery and immune enhancement in finfish. Specific projects include using attenuated bacteria to deliver either proteinbased or nucleic acid vaccines in vivo and investigating bacterial invasion mechanisms. In collaboration with (faculty emerita) other projects include characterization of bacteriophage targeting the fish pathogen and elucidation of phage and host activities in stationaryphase infected with T4 bacteriophage. Students with a background in biology and chemistry will gain experience in laboratory research methods, including microbiological techniques, tissue culture and recombinant DNA technology, and may have opportunities to present data at regional and national conferences. (inorganic/materials chemistry, physical chemistry) is interested in the synthesis and property characterization of new bismuthcontaining materials. These compounds have been characterized as electronic conductors, attractive activators for luminescent materials, second harmonic generators and oxidation catalysts for several organic compounds. Traditional solidstate synthesis methods will be utilized to prepare new complex bismuth oxides. Once synthesized, powder xray diffraction patterns will be obtained and material properties such as conductivity, melting point, biocidal tendency, coherent light production and magnetic behavior will be examined when appropriate. (mathematics) is interested in problems relating to graphs, combinatorial games and especially combinatorial games played on graphs. He would like to work with students who have a strong background in mathematics and/or computer science and who are interested in applying their skills to openended problems relating to graphs and/or games. (computer science, mathematics) has several ongoing projects in computer vision, robotics and security. There are some opportunities for students to develop cybersecurity games for teaching network security concepts and skills. In robotics, he is looking for students to develop laboratory exercises for several different mobile robotic platforms, including Scribbler, LEGO NXT and iRobot Create. This would also involve writing tools for image processing and computer vision using sequences of still images, video streams and 2.5D images from the Kinect. In addition, he is open to working with students who have their own ideas for projects in these and related areas, such as machine learning, artificial intelligence and analysis of processor performance. (physics) studies the Sun and the Earth. What are the mechanisms of global warming? What can we expect in the future? What can we do about it right now? How do solar changes affect Earth over decades (e.g., Solar Max) to millennia? Why does the Sun shine a bit more brightly when it is more magnetically active, even though sunspots are dark? Why does the Sun's magnetic field flip every 11 years? Why is the temperature of the Sun’s outer atmosphere millions of degrees higher than that of its surface? Students can do research related to global warming in Zita's academic programs and in contracts, and have investigated the Sun by analyzing data from solar observatories and using theory and computer modeling. Serious students are encouraged to form research contracts and may thereafter be invited to join our research team. Please go to the catalog view for specific information about each option.  Paula Schofield Brian Walter Richard Weiss Abir Biswas Michael Paros Clyde Barlow Benjamin Simon Judith Cushing Dharshi Bopegedera Rebecca Sunderman EJ Zita Donald Morisato Clarissa Dirks James Neitzel Sheryl Shulman Neal Nelson Lydia McKinstry  Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall Winter Spring  
Brian Walter
Signature Required:
Fall Winter Spring

Research  SO–SRSophomore  Senior  V  V  Day  F 12 Fall  W 13Winter  S 13Spring  Rigorous quantitative and qualitative research is an important component of academic learning in Scientific Inquiry. This independent learning opportunity allows advanced students to delve into realworld research with faculty who are currently engaged in specific projects. Students typically begin by working in apprenticeship with faculty or laboratory staff and gradually take on more independent projects within the context of the specific research program as they gain experience. Students can develop vital skills in research design, data acquisition and interpretation, written and oral communication, collaboration, and critical thinking that are valuable for students pursuing a graduate degree or entering the job market. (mathematics) is interested in problems relating to graphs, combinatorial games, and especially combinatorial games played on graphs. He would like to work with students who have a strong background in Mathematics and/or Computer Science and who are interested in applying their skills to openended problems relating to graphs and/or games.  Brian Walter  Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall Winter Spring  
David McAvity
Signature Required:
Winter Spring

Research  SO–SRSophomore  Senior  V  V  Day  W 13Winter  S 13Spring  Rigorous quantitative and qualitative research is an important component of academic learning in Scientific Inquiry. This independent learning opportunity allows advanced students to delve into realworld research with faculty who are currently engaged in specific projects. Students typically begin by working in apprenticeship with faculty or laboratory staff and gradually take on more independent projects within the context of the specific research program as they gain experience. Students can develop vital skills in research design, data acquisition and interpretation, written and oral communication, collaboration, and critical thinking that are valuable for students pursuing a graduate degree or entering the job market. (mathematics) is interested in problems in mathematical biology associated with population and evolutionary dynamics. Students working with him will help create computer simulations using agentbased modeling and cellular automata and analyzing nonlinear models for the evolution of cooperative behavior in strategic multiplayer evolutionary games. Students should have a strong mathematics or computer science background  theoretical biology, computer science, mathematics.  David McAvity  Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Winter  Winter Spring  
Richard Weiss
Signature Required:
Fall Winter Spring

Research  SO–SRSophomore  Senior  V  V  Day  F 12 Fall  W 13Winter  S 13Spring  Rigorous quantitative and qualitative research is an important component of academic learning in Scientific Inquiry. This independent learning opportunity allows advanced students to delve into realworld research with faculty who are currently engaged in specific projects. Students typically begin by working in apprenticeship with faculty or laboratory staff and gradually take on more independent projects within the context of the specific research program as they gain experience. Students can develop vital skills in research design, data acquisition and interpretation, written and oral communication, collaboration, and critical thinking that are valuable for students pursuing a graduate degree or entering the job market. (computer science and mathematics) has several ongoing projects in computer vision, robotics, and security. There are some opportunities for students to develop cybersecurity games for teaching network security concepts and skills. In Robotics, he is looking for students to develop laboratory exercises for several different mobile robotic platforms, including Scribbler, LEGO NXT, and iRobot Create. This would also involve writing tools for image processing and computer vision using sequences of still images, video streams, and 2.5D images from the Kinect. In addition, he is open to working with students who have their own ideas for projects in these and related areas, such as machine learning, artificial intelligence, and analysis of processor performance.  Richard Weiss  Sophomore SO Junior JR Senior SR  Fall  Fall Winter Spring 